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NEW CULTIVARS OF PEAS BRED AT THE PLANT PRODUCTION INSTITUTE ND. A. V.YA. YURYEV OF NAAN AS A PART OF THE NATIONAL PLANT GENEBANK OF UKRAINE

NEW CULTIVARS OF PEAS BRED AT THE PLANT PRODUCTION INSTITUTE ND. A. V.YA. YURYEV OF NAAN AS A PART OF THE NATIONAL PLANT GENEBANK OF UKRAINE

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Abstract

Over the last 10 year period in the laboratory for pea breeding of Plant Production Institute nd. a. V. Ya. Yuryev NAAN new varieties are developed, which have been transferred to the NCPGRU, and introduced into the national collection of peas and they were studied during 2002 – 2010 ys. In accord with the outcomes of the study at the laboratory for genetic resource of grain-leguminous and small grain crops their high yield potential and high adaptivity were revealed to he conditions of the eastern part of the Forest-Steppe of Ukraine. According to the results of farm-scale trials new varieties of  Kharkiv breeding successfully compete with forcing and other breeding institution varieties of Ukraine in our Ukrainian farm fields and can be used the original material for the creation of modern technological cultivars. The presence of the tendril type of leaves, non-shattering trait, not very high stem, as well as, their belonging to early-season and mid-season groups of maturity contributes to their high adaptability to  the conditions of different regions of  Ukraine and permits to decrease yield losses to a minimum.

Keywords

peas, collection, adaptivity, grain yield, technological efficacy