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GENETIC RESOURCES OF MEDICAL PLANTS: SAVING, STUDY AND USE

GENETIC RESOURCES OF MEDICAL PLANTS: SAVING, STUDY AND USE

Institution

Section

COLLECTION FORMATION AND USE

Abstract

In the article work is distributing with the genetic resources of medical plants in the Experimental station of medical plants during 95. The results of systematization of collection of OSLR are presented, which counts 887 specimen 378 kinds of medical plants. In collection specimen are collected from different regions of light: Caucasus (168 kinds), Europe (155), Middle Asia (20), North America (35). It is set that the specimen of medical plants resemble from 26 countries of the world. Large percent of specimen - from Ukraine, Russia, Germany, Czekh. Widely presented in collection of family of Lamiaceae - 69, Asteraceae- 47, Fabaceae - 19, Rosaceae - 16, Ranunculaceae- 16, Apiaceae- 15, after status of origin of standards are wild relatives (68.1%), selection sorts (11,0%) et al.

The results of study, saving and feature of addition to collections of medical plants are presented. As a result of researches of collections of nine births: Mentha L., Valeriana L., Echinacea (L.) Moench., Calendula L., Helichysum Mill., Thymus L., Melissa L., Agrimonia L.  and Oenothera L. is selected 255 sources of valuable signs. Such as the productivity, maintenance of operating matters, firmness, is high to the wreckers and illnesses, plasticity and complex of signs is high. Base and educational collection is formed Mentha, trait Echinacea and Valeriana and educational collection of medical plants.

Keywords

genetic resources, geographical origin, genetic variety, saving, use, source of valuable signs, firmness, adaptation