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GENETIC RESOURCES OF FORAGE AND GRAIN LEGUMES CROPS IN CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN URALS (BASED ON MATERIALS OF COLLECTING MISSION OF 2010)

GENETIC RESOURCES OF FORAGE AND GRAIN LEGUMES CROPS IN CENTRAL AND SOUTHERN URALS (BASED ON MATERIALS OF COLLECTING MISSION OF 2010)

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INTRODUCTION

Abstract

The results of an international collecting mission led by N.I. Vavilov All-Russian Research Institute of Plant Industry (VIR) are presented in the article. The main task of the mission is collecting samples of wild-growing relatives of forage and legume crops, which are valuable for breeding for adaptability and resistance to adverse environmental factors. The participants of the expedition were scientists of VIR (Russia) and Ustymivka Experimental Station of Plant Production (Ukraine). The regions of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Perm, Chelyabinsk, Sverdlovsk and Kirov regions were investigated. The samples were collected in 70 geographic locations. Total length of the route was 7800 km. During the period of the expedition, 334   (217 wild-growing and 117 cultivated) gene pool samples were collected, including forage grasses – 96 samples, forage legumes 87, legumes – 43, cereals  – 26, groats crops – 6, vegetables – 53, potatoes – 1, industrial crops – 4, honey plants – 1, tree and shrub species – 17. The samples of wild relatives of perennial forage and leguminous crops collected in Southern and Central Urals Mountains are characterized by high productivity, earliness, complex of adaptive traits to unfavorable environmental conditions (drought and cold resistance etc.). The collected material is shared between the both partner parties.

Keywords

gene pool, collecting mission, wild relatives, forage crops, grain legume crops, productivity, earliness, drought resistance, cold resistance, Urals Mountains