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STUDY OF LENTIL VARIETIES FROM CANADA AND TURKEY IN THE NORTHERN STEPPE OF UKRAINE

Article language

Українська

Print date

9.12.21

Date posted online

28.02.2022

Institution

Institute of Grain Crops of NAAS State Enterprise «Experimental Farm «Krasnogradske»,

Bibliography

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Section

SOURCES AND DONORS

Abstract

Aim. Evaluate in the northern steppe of Ukraine varieties of lentils grown in Canada and Turkey.

Results and Discussion. The features of growth and development of lentil varieties originating from Canada and Turkey have been determined. According to research, varieties of Canadian origin are more adapted to the conditions of the northern steppe of Ukraine, they are almost not inferior in yield to the standard, and some exceeded it in this trait. On average, for three years of research, the most productive variety was CDC Maxim 2.32 t/ha it is 0.16 t/ha more than the standard. Relatively high average productivity at the level of the standard was characterized by cultivars CDC Impress, CDC Imperial, CDC Greenland, CDC Viceroy 2.17-2.09 t/ha. The best yields in 2018 were the variety CDC Greenland – 2.32 t/ha – large seed variety with yellow cotyledons and the variety CDC Maxim – 2.30 t/ha – which belongs to small seeded with red cotyledons, but the excess of yield over the variety Lensa, which was used as a standard, was within the statistical error. In 2019, the variety CDC Maxim was also characterized by the highest yield of 2.02 t/ha, a high yield was also given by the variety CDC Impress 2.02 t/ha. This year, the advantage of these varieties over the standard was statistically significant + 0.36 t/ha. In 2020, the maximum yield was in the varieties CDC Viceroy 2.67 t/ha, and CDC Maxim 2.63 t/ha, but this excess yield compared to the standard was within the statistical error. Varieties from Turkey in given climatic conditions proved to be worse. In all years they yielded less to the yield of the standard and varieties from Canada. The average yield of the most productive variety Altıntoprak was 1.55 t/ha 0.51 t/ha less than the standard, and the maximum of the same variety 2.07 t/ha in 2020 is also less than the standard.

Conclusions. In the conditions of the northern steppe of Ukraine, some of the Canadian varieties are not inferior to the local ones in terms of yield, and in some years they exceed them. When sown in the spring, lentils from Turkey are significantly inferior in yield to local and Canadian varieties. 

Keywords

legumes, lentils, variety, productivity