Нажмите Enter для поиска, Esc для отмены


Article language


Print date


Date posted online



Institute of Vegetable Growing and Melon Growing of NAAS


1. Lymar VA, Shashkova NI, Shablya OS. Kholodnyak OG. 2020. Ways of innovative development of melon industry in the South of Ukraine. Ukrainskyi Naukovyi Visnykh Khersonskoho derzhavnoho universytetu. 38: 18-24.

2. Fursa TB, Filov AI. 1982. Cultural flora of the USSR. Pumpkin. Moscow: Kolos. 279 p.

3. Shablia OS. 2012. Methodical approaches to the development of competitiveness of domestic varieties of melons. Tavriiskyi naukovyi visnyk. 80: 156-161.

4. Serhiienko OV, Mohylna OM, Linnik ZP, Luk’ianchykova OA. 2020. Methodical approaches to the use of linear material identified by morphological genes in heterosis breeding of watermelon. Kharkiv, 96 p.

5. Frolov VV, Kholodnyak OG, Ryabchun VK. 2010. Methodical recommendations for studying the differences in the gene pool of melons (watermelon, melon, pumpkin, zucchini, squash). Kherson: Ailant. 52 p.

6. State register of plant varieties suitable for distribution in Ukraine [Internet]. [cited 2020 Oct 02]. Available from: http://vet.gov.ua/taxonomy/term/50. P. 281-285.

7. Methodical instructions on studying and maintenance of melons collection. 1968. Leningrad. 9 p.

8. Serhiienko OV. 2020. Variability and level of breeding traits manifestation of varieties and F1 watermelon hybrids. In: Current state and development prospects of fruit and vegetable industries , dedicated to the 90th anniversary of the Department of" Fruit and Vegetable and Nut" of Agrobiology Depertment of Kazakh National Agrarian University. Proceedings of the international scientific-practical conference; 2020 Apr 4; Almalibak, Kazakhstan. Almalibak; 2020. p. 381-385.

9. Lymar AO, Snihovyi VS, Kashcheiev OYa. 2001. Methods of breeding process and field experiments with melons (guidelines). Kyiv: Agrarian science. 132 p.

10. GOST 28562-90. 1990. Products of fruits and vegetables processing. Refractometric method for the determination of soluble solids. Moscow: Yzdatelstvo standartov. 17 p.

11. Sych ZD, Sych IM. The method of assessing the marketable productivity of watermelon breeding material: A.S. 1630706 USSR, MKI5 AO 1 H 1/04; Dnieper. vegetable melon experimental station of Ukr. Research Institute of Vegetable and Melon. Application № 46 – 71548/13 dated 31.03.89. Publ. 28. 02.91. Bull. №8.

12. Dospekhov BA. 1985. Methods of field experience. Moscow: Agropromizdat. 350 p.

13. Serhiienko OV, Loboda OM. 2010. New cold-resistant variety of watermelon Maks plius. Vegetable and Melon Growing. 56: 306-311.

14. DSTU 5045: 2008. 2009. Watermelon, melon, pumpkin. Growing technology. General requirements. Kyiv: Derzhspozhyv standart of Ukraine. 11 p.




Aim. Evaluation of the common watermelon gene pool in terms of yield, marketable fruit weight and dry soluble matter content and isolation of the most valuable accessions for use in breeding programs.

Results and Discussion. The article presents the results of studies on the assessment of 153 samples of common watermelon of Ukrainian and foreign selection in terms of yield, weight of marketable fruit and the content of dry soluble substances. One accession with very high level of fruit yield (> 113% to the standard) was selected – accession Lad (62,3 t/ha) from Ukraine. With high level of yield (> 101% to the standard), samples from Russia were selected: Solntsedar (55,7t/ha), Podarok Solntsa (58t/ha) and Samurai (58,3t/ha). With yield closed to the standard (97,7%) there was a sample from Russia – Shapka Imperatora (53,5t/ha). The mass of marketable fruit, 5 samples were the best: Solntsedar (2,5 kg), Lad (2,6 kg), Yatum (2,86 kg), Samurai (3,04 kg), Podarok Solntsa (3,99 kg). According to the content of dry soluble matter, samples from Ukraine were selected as a source for breeding: Alyi solodkyi (14%) and accession from Czech Republic Sugar baby (15%). According to the complex of features (consistently high yield, high taste), the following samples are of practical value for breeding: Lad, Yatum, Alyi solodkyi (Ukraine); Solntsedar, Podarok Solntsa, Samurai (Russia), Sugar baby (Czech Republic).

Conclusions. Based on the results of the study of 153 collection accessions of common watermelon during 2018–2020. Accessions were selected: 4 by yield (55,7-62,3t/ha), 5 by fruit weight (2,51-3,99 kg), 2 by content of dry soluble matter (14-15 mg%), 7 by complex of valuable features.


watermelon, accession, collection, source material, yield, fruit