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STATE OF FOREST GENETIC RESOURCES IN THE WORLD AND IN UKRAINE

Article language

Українська, Русский, English

Print date

20.12.19

Date posted online

11.04.2020

Institution

Ukrainian Research Institute of Forestry & Forest Melioration named after G. M. Vysotsky

Bibliography

  1. FAO. 2014. The State of the World’s Forest Genetic Resources. Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Report. Rome. 304 р. [Internet]. [cited 2018 Jan 17]. Available from: http://www.fao.org/3/a-i3825e.pdf.
  2. Los SA, Tereshchenko LI, Gayda YuІ, Ustimenko PМ. 2014. State of Forest Genetic Resources in Ukraine. Kharkiv: PLANETA-PRINT, 138 p.
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  4. State of the Forest Genetic Resources in Finland. 2012. Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. Report to FAO. [Internet]. [cited 2018 Jan 17]. Available from: http://julkaisut.valtioneuvosto.fi/bitstream/handle/10024/80339/FAO State of the Forest Genetic Resources in Finland 2011.pdf.
  5. Diduh YaP, editor. 2009. Red Book of Ukraine. Flora. Kiyiv: Globalkonsalting. 912 p.
  6. Volosyanchuk RT, Los SA, Torosova LO, Neyko IS, at al. 2003. Methodological approaches to the estimation of objects of conservation of the gene pool of deciduous tree species in situ and their current state in the Left-bank forest steppe of Ukraine. Lisivnitstvo i agrolisomelioratsiya. 104: 50-57.
  7. Yatsik RM, Deyneka AM, Parpan VI. 2006. Forest genetic resources and crops-breeding objects of Lviv region. Ivano-Frankivsk: Play. 312 p.
  8. Yatsik RM, Vorobchuk VD, Parpan VI. 2008. Genetic-breeding and seedling objects  in the forests of Bukovina. Ternopil: Pidruchniky i posibniky. – 288 p.
  9. Gayda YuI. 2012. Sylvicultural and ecological bases of preservation and sustainable using of forest genetic resources of the Western region of Ukraine: Author's abstract. Diss ... Doctor of Agriculture Science. Lviv, 40 p.

10.  Volosyanchyk R, Los S, Yatsyk R. 2003. Inventory of genetic resources of broad-leaved forest tree species in Ukraine. In: Sustainable Forestry, Wood Products & Biotechnology. Proceedings of a symposium held at the International Congress; 2002 Nov11-14; Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain. DFA-AFA Press. p. 427-431.

11.  Updated Global Strategy for Plant Conservation 2011-2020. Targets. [Internet]. 2013. Convention of Biological Diversity. Nagoya [cited 2018 May 20]. Available from: http:// www.cbd.int/gspc https://www.cbd.int/gspc/targets.shtml

12.  Botanical Gardens Conservation International (BGCI). [Internet]. 2018. [cited 2018 May 20]. Available from: http:// https://www.bgci.org/resources/bgci-tools-and-resources/bgci-annual-reports/

13.  Krynytskyj HT, Hayda YI, Yatsyk RM, Parpan VI, & Los SA. 2017. Concept of conservation and sustainable using of forest genetic resources in Ukraine. Naukovyi visnyk NLTU Ukrainy [Internet]. [cited 2018 Apr 10]; 27(8): 37-44. Available from: https://doi.org/10.15421/40270805.

Section

Others

Abstract

The aim of the article is to generalize the information presented in the FAO report ‘The State of World Forest Genetic Resources (FGR) and in the reports on the state of forest genetic resources in Ukraine and other countries.

Results and Discussion. To draw up the World Report, the information was provided by 86 countries which occupy 76% of the earth's surface and involve 85% of the total forest area. The countries’ reports cover 8,000 species of trees, palm trees and bamboo, among which about 2,400 are economically important; at that, information at the genetic level is only available for 500 to 600 species. The vast majority of important for environmental protection species (84%) are indigenous, in contrast to those economically important, 85% of which are introduced species. About 50 indigenous and non-native species of forest trees are used in the forestry of Ukraine. 26 of them are given as high-priority ones. They are used to produce wood, pulp, fuel, non-timber products, as well as to create protective plantations. The total number of species and subspecies in the world that are preserved in situ is almost 1,000, with about 500 of them – in Asia and almost 200 in both Europe and Africa. In Ukraine, there are about 30 of such species. In cases where in situ conservation is problematic, alternative methods are used, namely ex situ. The total number of species that are conserved ex situ is 1,800; at that, 1,025 of them grow in Africa, 401 – in Europe, 389 – in Asia, 372 – in Latin America and the Caribbean, 265 – in North America, 102 – in the Middle East and 57 species – in Oceania. In Ukraine, they make a stock of the seeds of more than 130 tree and shrub species, including decorative ones. Man-made forests are created with more than 20 species of trees annually. Non-native species of woody plants in the forestry of Ukraine make 39%. Methodological approaches to the study of genetic variability involve analysis of biometric, morphological and biochemical characteristics, as well as DNA markers. They analyze genetic variation as in field studies in provenance trail and progeny tests, so in laboratory studies.

Conclusions. The basic tasks for the forest genetic resources conservation is to develop and implement national in situ and ex situ conservation strategies for sustainable use of FGR, to strengthen the role which forests and protective stands play in the in situ FGR conservation, and to identify first-priority measures at the species level. FGR conservation strategies should contribute to both ecosystem restoration using appropriate genetic material and adaptation to climate change along with mitigating its impacts.

Keywords

forestry, genetic resources, conservation, gene pool, in situ, ex situ