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PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES OF UKRAINIAN PODILLIA (according to the results of the 2019 expedition)

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Ustymivka Experimental Station of Plant Production of Plant Production Institute nd. a. V.Ya. Yuriev of NAAS, Experimental Station of Medicinal Plants of the Institute of Agroecology and Environmental Management of NAAS, Public organization "Gontsov Heritage", Plant Production Institute nd. a. V. Ya. Yuriev, National Center for Plant Genetic Resources of Ukraine


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Aim: collection of local wild and cultural gene pool accessions of the plants adapted to the conditions of Podillia region of Ukraine for a selection from them valuable on economic and biological traits, including of them in the plant-breeding and research programs and maintenance in collections of the National Plant Genebank of Ukraine.

Results and Discussion. There is carried out expeditionary inspection of the districts of Vinnytsia and Khmel’nytsky areas of Ukraine. 548 gene pool accessions of cultural plants and wild relative forms adapted to the conditions of this region related to 173 botanical taxa are collected. A 151 herbarium sheets of 37 plant species are collected. Natural reserves and objects of the naturally-protected fund are explored for seed collection of rare and regionally rare species, and also vegetation of burial mounds, ravines, beams, slopes, undisturbed steppe areas. Five promising objects have been identified for monitoring the state of coenopopulations of valuable and rare genotypes of fodder and medicinal plants, their study, conservation and reproduction: The local botanical reserve "Krutoshyly" (Tyvrovsky district of Vinnytsia region between the villages of Dolgopolovka and Klishchiv), a site near v. Sadkovtsy of Mogilev-Podil’sky district of Vinnitsia region, a site near Kamenka of the Gorodotsky district of the Khmel’nytsky region, two sites in the Kamenetz-Podil’sky district of the Khmel’nytsky region: near Kitayhorod and Surzhyntsi. For the Red Book species and plant species that are not included in the Red Book of Ukraine but are rare or threatened with extinction under natural conditions, points for the establishment of in situ conservation reserves have been identified in the Vinnitsa and Khmel’nytsky regions. The collected material will ensure the expansion of the genetic base of existing and the creation of new genetic resources collections of field, medicinal and other crops due to samples characterized by adaptability to stress abiotic and resistance to biotic factors, productivity, product quality.

Conclusions. 548 seeds packages and planting material units of gene pool accessions are collected during the expedition and transferred to research institutions for the study. The results of the expedition showed the promise of continuing expeditionary surveys and collecting gene pool samples in Ukraine. To do this, it is necessary to equip the NCGRU with a specialized vehicle and provide for a special article to finance expeditions.


genetic resources, plants, forage, medicinal, expedition, databases, Podillia