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CURRENT SITUATION WITH THE CORE COLLECTION OF SPRING TRITICALE OF THE NATIONAL CENTER OF PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES OF UKRAINE

CURRENT SITUATION WITH THE CORE COLLECTION OF SPRING TRITICALE OF THE NATIONAL CENTER OF PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES OF UKRAINE

Institution

Plant Production Institute nd. a. V.Ya. Yuriev of NAAS

Section

COLLECTION FORMATION AND USE

Abstract

Goal. To build up a spring triticale genetic bank to provide breeding, scientific and educational institutions with initial material and to preserve the existing diversity. To update the database of accessions with a set of valuable economic and morphological features. 

Results and discussion. The methodology and results of the collection formation and evaluation of spring triticale accessions in the National Center for Plant Genetic Resources of Ukraine of Plant Production Institute nd. a V. Ya. Yuriev are presented. The formed collection includes 1,935 accessions from 27 countries: 42 varieties and 1,478 breeding lines from Ukraine, 92 varieties and 248 lines from foreign countries and also 75 genetic lines. The collection was formed by major valuable economic features (plant height, growing season length, spike threshing, yield, 1000-grain weight, disease resistance, technological properties, etc.). Accessions with the majority of morpho-biological and valuable economic features were selected. All the accessions in the collection are certificated. 1,762 accessions were packed for storage into the National Depository; 1,507 of them were packed for long-term storage.

Conclusions. The gene pool of spring triticale from the collection of the Gene Bank of Plants of Ukraine is widely used for breeding. This allows conducting hybridization of genetically and ecologically remote forms with various expressions of features and obtaining whole new breeding material. Involvement of collection accessions in breeding allows generating new genetic sources of valuable economic features.

Keywords

spring triticale, collection, accession, reference, feature, source, gene pool