Нажмите Enter для поиска, Esc для отмены

PROSPECTS FOR CREATING OF GRAPE SEEDLESS BREEDING MATERIAL OF UKRAINIAN BREEDING

Article language

Українська, Русский, English

Print date

11.06.18

Date posted online

25.07.2018

Institution

NSC “Tairov Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking”

Bibliography

  1. Kovaliova IA, Gerus LV. 2016. Grape breeding in the global context: problems and trends. In:Genetic and variety diversity of plants to improve people’ life quality. Abstracts of the International Scientific-Practical Conference dedicated to the 25th anniversary of the National GenBank of Plants of Ukraine. Kharkiv: Kyiv; p. 187-188.

  2. Gerus LV, Kovaliova IA. 2016. Evaluation and creation of new starting material for breeding for drought tolerance. Vynohr Vynorob. 53: 67-73.

  3. Tulayeva MI. 2008. Formation of a new gene pool of Ukrainian grapes that are resistant to environmental stresses. In: Mobilization and preservation of grape genetic resources, improvement of breeding methods. Abstracts of the International Scientific-Practical Conference; 2008Aug 132014; Novocherkassk, c2008, P. 307-313.

  4. Vitis International Variety Catalog (VIVC). 2013. [Internet]. [cited 2013 Jan 20]; Available from:): URL. http://www.vivc.de

  5. Negrul AM. 1953. Techniques of variety investigations and trials on grape. Vinogr i Vinodel USSR. 8: 50-55.

  6. Ivanova YeB. 1970. Methods and results of studying grape varieties in the ampelographic collection: monograph. Chisinau: Kartaya Moldovenyaske; 48 p.

  7. Komarova YeS., Panasevich YeA., Kondratskiy AA. 1962. Results of grape variety investigations in Ukraine. Kiev; 228 p.

  8. Mishurenko AG., Ovchinnikova LF., Scherer VA. 1975. Winter hardiness of grape. Kiev; 176 p.

  9. ergeyev AM., Sergeyeva KL, Melnikov VK. 1961. Morpho-physiological periodicity and winter hardiness of woody plants. Ufa: Branch of AS of the USSR; 221 p.

  10. Lazarevskiy MA. 1963. Studies of grape varieties. Rostov-on-Don; 152 p.

  11. Prostoserdov NN. 1946. Ampelography of the USSR. In 6 volumes. Vol. 1. Technological characteristics of grape and its processed products. Moscow: Pishchepromizdat; p. 401-462.

Section

SOURCES AND DONORS

Abstract

Goal. To select genetically and geographically distant perspective seedless grape varieties, in order to enrich the grape assortment in Ukraine. To replenish the database of varieties, which can be used as sources of valuable adaptive, agrobiological and technological characteristics. To use prospective genotypes in a modern breeding process and to subsequently confirm the presence of traits of interest in the offspring.

Results and discussion. The study of new and reference varieties in the ampelographic collection was performed in field and laboratory conditions. Field trials were conducted in the National Scientific Center “Tairov Institute of Viticulture and Winemaking” according to the schemes, which are presented in methods of A. N. Negrul, E. B. Ivanova, E. S. Komarova, O. G. Mishurenko (3 x 1.5 m planting distance). All stages of agrobiological and phenological studies were performed according to the methods, which are generally accepted in viticulture and variety testing. Results. The main phenological, agrobiological and adaptive characteristics (drought resistance, frost resistance, and cold hardiness) of 22 genetically and geographically distant seedless grape varieties were investigated. The level of productivity and adaptation characteristics were determined as the main criteria for suitability of the variety for further application in the breeding process. Venus variety showed the highest low-temperature resistance. During the vegetative period varieties Einset seedless, Attika and Kishmish luchistiy were the highest leaf water retainers, which indirectly proved them to be highly drought resistant. Genotypes with an optimal combination of high adaptive characteristics, productivity and quality were preliminarily selected.

Conclusions. The level of the manifestation of some valuable agrobiological characteristics was determined in a group of introduced seedless varieties. Highly adaptable and high-yield varieties were preliminarily selected. Those cultivars are suitable for use in the modern breeding process for enriching the grape assortment in Ukraine with local seedless varieties.

Keywords

grapes, variety, genotype, seedlessness, adaptability, stress factor, productivity