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WAYS OF ENRICHMENT OF THE NATIONAL PLANT GENEBANK OF UKRAINE

Institution

Section

INTRODUCTION

Abstract

Goal. To determine ways of introduction in to the National Plant Gene Bank of Ukraine of new genepool samples.

Results and discussion. The necessity of replenishing the National Bank of Ukraine to plant genetic resources with new gene pool samples is substantiated in the article. The principles, methodological approaches, features and stages of acquisition the samples of different gene pool categories: breeding varieties, breeding and genetic lines, landraces, wild forms and others are set down. The sources of information on the availability of gene pool samples are presented. Links to legal documents of Ukraine concerning transboundary movements of seeds and planting material, to international agreements relating to the use of gene pool samples: the Convention on the Genetic Diversity, the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, the Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing; the Standard Material Transfer Agreement and others. The efficiency of scientific cooperation with breeding and research institutions in Ukraine and foreign countries to attract new valuable material is pointed out. Documentation of introduced samples in database is described.

Conclusions. Methodical instructions for enrichment of the National Plant Genebank of the Ukraine by new samples of domestic and foreign origin are given.

Keywords

gene pool sample, acquisition, introduction, law, international conventions, database