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THE SELECTION OF THE GENEPOOL ACCESSIONS WITH VALUABLE TRAITS FROM THE COLLECTION OF SOUR CHERRY GERMPLASM AT THE ARTEMIVS’K EXPERIMENTAL STATION OF NURSERY CULTURE

THE SELECTION OF THE GENEPOOL ACCESSIONS WITH VALUABLE TRAITS FROM THE COLLECTION OF SOUR CHERRY GERMPLASM AT THE ARTEMIVS’K EXPERIMENTAL STATION OF NURSERY CULTURE

Institution

Section

SOURCES AND DONORS

Abstract

Goal.Selection of accessions with such valuable traits as yield, large-fruited, winter hardiness anddrought resistance, high fruit quality, resistance to Coccomyces hiemalis Higg, determinategrowth, self-fertility.Results and discussion.Results of scientific work with the collection of sour cherry geneticresources on the Artemivs’k Experimental Station of Nursery Culture of the Institute ofHorticulture NAAS are presented in the article. Sour cherry accessions combining several of thesevaluable economic characteristics as yield, large fruited, ripening, winter hardiness, droughtresistance, high fruit quality, resistance to Coccomyces hiemalis Higg., determinate growth, selffertilityare selected and registered as genepool accessions in the National Center for Plant GeneticResources of Ukraine (Kharkiv). The characteristics of the basic agronomic traits, novelty itemsand levels of their expression were given to about 20 sour cherry accessions: Ostheim Griotte,D14-11ц, D29-83з, D41-47, D44-76, Donetskiy velikan, Isckushenie, Kistevaya, Kseniya,Kseniya piznya, Lyubskaya, Molodyozhnaya, Мtsеnsckaya, Nochka №1, Nochka №2,Saratovsckaya malyshka, Slavyanka (Altruistka), Chudo vishnya, Shpanka Donetskaya, Újfehértóifürtös.Conclusions. The accessions of sour cherry collection with complex of valuable economic traitswere selected on the Artemivs’k Experimental Station of Nursery Practice of the Institute ofHorticulture.

Keywords

sour cherry, samples, genetic pool, agronomic traits, adaptability, steppe zone