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INTRODUCTION - QUARANTINE NURSERY OF USTYMIVKA EXPERIMENTAL STATION OF PLANT PRODUCTION AND IT ROLE IN THE INTRODUCTION OF FOREIGN GENE POOL SAMPLES TO UKRAINE

INTRODUCTION - QUARANTINE NURSERY OF USTYMIVKA EXPERIMENTAL STATION OF PLANT PRODUCTION AND IT ROLE IN THE INTRODUCTION OF FOREIGN GENE POOL SAMPLES TO UKRAINE

Institution

Ustymivka Experimental Station of Plant Production Institute nd. a. V.Ya. Yuryev NAAS

Section

INTRODUCTION

Abstract

This article provides information on the history of the service on plant quarantine and on the results of activities of Ustimivs’kyi Introduction and Quarantine Nursery during the period of 1956-2010. The quarantine testing and initial studies on the economic and biological characteristics of more than 54 thousand varieties, lines and hybrids of various crops and their wild relatives introduced from abroad were carried out over the years of the work. This includes 23,2 thousand samples of cereals; 16,2 thousand of the legumes; 5,2 thousand of groat crops and maize; 4,4 thousand of technical; 2,4 thousand of forage; 1,7 thousand of vegetables and melons; 1,3 thousand of fruit and berry crops. Along with the traditional crops, samples of underutilized crops were introduced, such as groats: payza, chumiza, quinoa, kanigua, dagussa, teff; oil olive-spurge, crumb, indau; forages - Trifolium ambiguum, Medicago truncatula, Lotus japonicus; drought-tolerant grasses Bouteloua dactyloides, B. ischaemum var. ischaemum, B. gracilis, Elymus trachycaulus, Leymus condensatus, Pascopyrum smithii, Psathyrostachys juncea, Cenchrus ciliaris, Chloris gayana, Panicum virgatum; related wild species of oats, soybeans, grasspea, maize (koiks), etc. The introduced gene pool samples are transferred for further investigation to resource divisions of UDSR and other institutions of Ukraine with following use in breeding, research and educational programs.

Keywords

introduction, genetic resources, sample, collection, quarantine nursery, crops, economic and biological traits.